Since web server technologies have evolved dramatically: we've seen a slew of new languages and technologies emerge, including PHP, ASP, JSP,.NET, Ruby, and Python, to mention a few. Developers realized that employing two separate languages for client and server-side made things more complicated. And, that is why Full Stack is the priority choice for many development companies worldwide.
What is Front-end Development?
The part of web development that focuses on users' views on their end is known as front-end development. It entails converting back-end developers' code into a graphical interface and ensuring that data is displayed in an easy-to-read and comprehend style.
Everything you see on Google Apps, Canva, Facebook, and other online services results from the collaboration between back-end and front-end engineers.
What is back-end development?
Back-end development languages handle web applications' 'behind-the-scenes' functionality. It's the code that links the web to a database, keeps track of user connections, and runs the web application. To deliver the final result to the end-user, back-end development works in collaboration with front-end development.
Client Software (Front-End)
- HTML DOM
Server Software (Back-End)
- Google Cloud Platform
- PaaS - Azure and Heroku
Full Stack Developer Role and Skills
A Full Stack Developer is a software professional who can work on both the front-end (client-side) and the back-end (server-side). Full Stack Developers understand each layer of the technology stack that goes into creating a software product. They know the operations of each layer and, more significantly, can modify all back-end components.
In addition to mastering HTML and CSS, he/she also knows how to:
- Program a server (like using Node.js)
- Program a database (like using MongoDB)
What are the Crucial Full Stack Developer Skills?
A Full Stack developer must have the following skills.
Full Stack Developers must work with HTML to use markup to determine the structure of web pages. For efficient display of HTML components, they must also be CSS experts. For designing an interactive, intuitive, and engaging front-end for apps. Full Stack Developers must have strong experience in both of these programming languages.
Git and GitHub
They must be familiar with all of the fundamental Git commands and examples. Full Stack Developers familiar with Git can better interact and communicate with their fellow developers/programmers on the same project.
Full Stack Developers must understand the intricacies of web architecture. They must know how to organize code, organize files, arrange data in databases, and execute the necessary computational activities because their major role is to develop complex software applications from scratch.
HTTP and REST
Since HTTP and REST are necessary for Full Stack development, he/she must master both.
Basic Design Skills
Thus, Full Stack Developers must know the basic design principles, including UI & UX design, prototypes, scalability, etc.
Every Full Stack Developer must have the following soft skills:
- An analytical bent of mind
- Good time management skills
- Curiosity for learning
- Attention to detail
- Creative vision
More Efficiency, More Productivity
More Code Reuse
Access To Open Source Tools
Virtually the whole MEAN stack is open source, which means you'll receive free access to well-tested tools. Because they are open source, they are updated regularly by their respective communities, which provides a lot of value to their users.
More Talent Available
There are many individuals (experienced developers) out there that know and use this programming language regularly, providing you with a large pool from which to recruit new talent for your Full Stack projects.
Any industry benefits from collaborative efforts. This is especially true in the case of software development. The likelihood of misunderstandings between coworkers is lowered when developers are proficient in both back-end and front-end development.
Time and Money Saving
Choice of the Giant Corporations
Not Suitable for Heavy Computing
At the same time, this is not the technology to use for high-performance computing. Due to the computational process, incoming requests may be stopped, making it difficult for the program to execute properly. If you are not planning to design such solutions, though, you can safely overlook this flaw.
So far, Full Stack development, like its database, has been a relatively new technology. The situation is changing as a result of its adoption by major corporations.
Limited Capabilities on Server-Side
"True" Full Stack Developers Scarcity
- P2P apps and services
- IoT products
- eCommerce platforms
- Fintech applications
- Web-based enterprise applications
What Is A Stack?
A "Stack)" is a set of programming languages, technologies, or software products. The technology stack and the application stack are the two types of development stacks.
- MEAN Stack
What is the MERN Stack?
A stack is the set of technologies that go into making a web application. Any web application will be built with various technologies (frameworks, libraries, databases, etc.).
The Benefits of the MERN Stack
- supports MVC architecture for a smooth development
- developers can use the MERN stack to create very efficient web apps.
Disadvantages of Mern Stack
- React is heavily reliant on third-party modules such as Redux, Babel, and others. As a result, it may be both advantageous and disadvantageous.
- On the one hand, it may be developed by various developers; nevertheless, if these modules are not properly maintained, they may cause problems in the future. On the other hand, the community is actively involved in adding to, maintaining, and upgrading these modules.
What is MEAN Stack?
Advantages of MEAN
These four elements functioning together aren't the answer to every problem, but they've indeed found a place in modern development. IBM explores the areas where the MEAN stack is appropriate. The MEAN stack is an excellent solution for cloud-native apps since it is scalable and can manage many users at once. Single-page applications benefit significantly from the Angular front-end. Here are several examples:
- Expense-tracking apps
- News aggregation sites
- Mapping and location apps
MEAN also provides benefits like:
- resists redundant grunt work to keep development organized
- has a built-in extensive tool testing suite
- an open-source framework with an excellent community support
Angular vs. React – Which one is Best?
Disadvantages of Mean Stack
- Not recommended for large-scale applications.
- No specific general JS coding guidelines.
- Once you have developed the first site using Mean stack technology, it's tough to go back to the old approach.
- It offers poor isolation of the server from business logic.
- You could lose records gradually.
Implementing Full Stack Development - What to Consider
Application-level and middleware programming: Integrating all needed pieces, such as the cloud, the gateway, and all distributed aspects, is necessary. This will aid in the standardization and facilitation of data and information sharing across various devices.
Cloud Development and Operations
IoT applications often require cloud infrastructures such as Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, and others for development and operations. To make applications more resilient in the face of outages, an understanding of cloud development and application is essential.
Integration with other Systems
To benefit from the contextual value supplied by the IoT system, OT systems must connect and interact with business applications. To improve the entire digital experience, IoT applications may need to interface with other devices or services.
Relational and Non-Relational Databases
Several linked devices in an IoT system communicate data with one another. To do data visualization and analysis, all of this information must be acquired. Knowledge of several database types aids in the ingestion and analysis of device data.
To avoid any harm, security awareness is necessary, as each layer has its own set of vulnerabilities. Device authentication and authorization are also critical for IT system security.
User Interface and User Experience
Understanding what the consumer will see and feel through your application or website requires both UI and UX knowledge. Implementing a web portal for remote monitoring of millions of devices from a single console, for example, is beneficial to the team that monitors and oversees the operation of such devices in any home automation system.
Business and Customer Requirements
Having a rudimentary concept of what consumers expect from a product will guarantee that the project does not become derailed due to a lack of requirements understanding. This expertise may assist produce a viable and successful product or system at each stage of the delivery process - scoping, designing, constructing, and testing.