The whole world is turning SMART - moving from desktop to laptop and now on mobile devices. So, if you want to stay relevant as a brand or facilitate your customers, having a mobile app is essential.
Did you know that mobile apps are expected to produce $188.9 billion in revenue by the end of this year via app stores and in-app ads? By 2022, the market for business mobility is expected to be worth $510.39 billion.
Many companies are attempting to capitalize on these trends by developing mobile apps, but very few of these businesses are aware of the fact that a successful mobile app is backed by a carefully cultivated mobile app development process by an experienced and specialized team.
The mobile development process is divided into many phases, which depends on the scale of the project and the core features and functionality of the app. This article will discuss best practices for mobile app development that can make the app successful in the long run.
So, let’s begin:
Best Practices for Mobile App Development
An effective mobile app development process consists of six key phases. Each phase is divided into sub-tasks. Regardless of the size and scope of your project, if you follow these best practices for design and development, your mobile app will be a great success.
Create A Strategy
The first step is deciding on a plan for turning your idea into an effective app. Since the goals of each app vary, there is also an app-specific effect on the mobile approach to consider throughout the development process. Each app is built with different development tools, and for separate mobile operating systems. It is very important to create a full-proof strategy.
In this phase, you will:
- Identify the target audience for the App
- Identify Competitors and research on them
- Establish the app's goals and objectives
- Select a mobile platform for your app
Your approach aids in concentrating your vision on a single image of your app concept. With this in mind, you're ready to move on to develop an enterprise mobility strategy.
Key Steps for Your Enterprise Mobility Strategy
Your digital transformation plan should include an enterprise mobility strategy. It can be challenging to come up with a plan for any organization. Your enterprise mobility plan, on the other hand, will scale business growth if done correctly.
- Define Your Business Needs
Enterprise mobile initiatives will help you solve problems in your marketing, reach new customers, and develop creative solutions to help you expand. Before you begin, you must first determine your company's requirements. Make an effort to comprehend the company's strategic objectives. To identify your business needs, use key performance indicators (KPIs), customer feedback, and market trends.
- Perform Competitive Research
Now that you've determined your objectives, it's time to look at your rivals. Choose at least three rivals to study. Competitors should be chosen based on the company's goals and market trends. When identifying opponents, look for creative startups as well as top companies.
It is possible that none of your rivals has an app. That means you have a fantastic opportunity to be the industry leader!
- Set Strategic Goals and Objectives
The first two steps in our strategy guide will assist you in determining your requirements. Next, we'll set targets and priorities to help you arrange your needs.
Important questions to ask:
- Which apps will have the most impact on your business, employees, and users?
- Is your business ready to support this app?
- Is mobility the right channel to deliver the solutions your business needs?
Usefulness and scalability are two of the long-term implementation goals. You'll be collecting an unlimited amount of data on top of your regular usage.
Apple's iOS and Google's Android are the two most popular mobile platforms. These mobile platforms necessitate the use of their specific development environment when creating applications. The roles of a mobile app are tailored to each mobile device. This gives app users a personalized experience tailored to their mobile devices.
- Native Mobile Apps Native mobile applications are designed with iOS or Android in mind. They must be downloaded to a mobile phone or tablet from the Google Playstore or Apple App Store. Native smartphone applications have the most access to a device's firmware and hardware. This means native mobile applications will take advantage of all of the device's features. They are more expensive because they require separate development for iOS and Android. Some companies decide to create applications on both platforms.
- Mobile Web Apps Websites that can be reached via a mobile browser are known as mobile web apps. Mobile web applications are sensitive and can mimic the look and feel of a native app. Both iOS and Android users will be able to use mobile web applications. This makes mobile web applications accessible in the same way as native apps are.
Hybrid Apps / Cross-Platform Apps There are two other methods for developing mobile apps. Third-party mobile frameworks such as Xamarin, Phonegap, and Appcelerator are used to create cross-platform mobile apps. These applications share a codebase and are compatible with all mobile platforms. They don't necessitate a lot of platform-specific code.
Create a Plan for Continuous Delivery
The fight for market share between iOS and Android is fierce. Mobile technology is quickly evolving thanks to companies including Google, Samsung, and Apple. Every year, new mobile devices and platforms are released. Agility is essential for a successful mobility strategy because the landscape changes so rapidly. You'll need to think about short-term needs in addition to your long-term plan. In mobile app growth, you'll have to keep supporting your apps to fix bugs, add new features, and improve security flaws.
- Develop a Security Strategy
Last but not least, you must lay out your security plan and your internal governance policy.
Your governance policy should address:
- The development processes
- Device provisioning
- Data access and security
- Interruption coverage / disaster recovery
- Mobile application management
- Ongoing infrastructure improvement needs.
Larger companies may need to form a governance team. Members of this team will serve each department that mobility solutions will impact.
You will still find someone providing the same or similar services or products you plan to deliver, no matter how innovative your app design is. It is often preferable to observe what others are doing before making your own decisions.
For example, if you want to get into the food delivery market, look at what apps like Zomato and Swiggy are doing. Food delivery app production is a highly competitive industry, so if you want to participate, you must be prepared and keep an eye on what your competitors are doing. If you cannot do your research, you can have your mobile app development company do it for you.
Analysis and Planning
At this stage, your app idea begins to take shape and develop into a working project. Defining use cases and capturing detailed functional specifications are the first steps in the analysis and planning process.
Prepare a product roadmap after you've established the app's specifications. This involves prioritizing and separating mobile app specifications into delivery milestones. If you're short on time, resources, or capital, identify your minimum viable product (MVP) and prioritize it for the initial launch.
Identifying the skills required for your app development initiative is a part of the planning phase. The mobile platforms iOS and Android, for example, use separate development technology stacks. If you want to create a mobile app that works on iOS and Android, your mobile development team should include both iOS and Android developers.
Have you decided on a name for your app? Like domain names, mobile app names must be unique within each app store. Check each app store to make sure your app's name isn't already taken!
Choose the Platform
If you go the native path, you'll have to choose between developing for iOS or Android.
Return to the market research you did earlier on your target market. Find out what gadgets your potential customers are using. This will assist you in making your decision.
This is because Apple and Android users have different preferences. It's a big decision to figure out which platform your target audience uses the most. It's particularly crucial if you're only going to launch on one store at first.
If you want to create both native apps on your own, you will be taking on more than you can handle if you try to do so at the same time. You'll want your app to be available in both stores at some point. However, you might be forced to choose between the two at this time.
Keep Design the First Priority
Developers and designers are two very different types of people. Developers are known for being more technical, while designers are known for being more artistic. However, when it comes to app development, you can't keep your blinders on.
To code the app properly, you must first understand how the design components would function. Your whole team must be on the same page for designers and developers to collaborate effectively.
Make use of mood boards and other tools to help you coordinate your ideas and design features. This will simplify the creation process and reduce the likelihood of making several adjustments late in the game to satisfy the designers. You can also figure out the design elements in these early stages if you know how to develop and design.
Mockups & Prototypes
High-fidelity sketches, also known as mockups, are final renderings of the app's visual design. Your style guide is applied to the app wireframes to build mockups. Expect further changes to the app's information layout, workflow, and aesthetics as the design progresses. The most common tool for making high-fidelity mockups is Adobe Photoshop.
Prototypes are extremely useful for simulating the user interface and app workflows present in the final product. Although prototype creation can be time-consuming, it is well worth the effort because it allows you to test the design and functionality of your app at an early stage. Prototypes are often used to describe changes to the app's proposed features.
Choosing the Right Technology
As previously said, one of the most important factors in the performance of an app is the technology used. Every app is unique and each is designed to serve a specific function. As a result, it's critical to choose the right technology to meet your needs while still aligning with your business objectives. Furthermore, since each app development method follows a different process, it is critical to provide guidelines ahead of time to prevent any misunderstandings.
The app's intent determines the type of technology to use when creating an app. Depending on whether you want a native, hybrid, or cross-platform mobile app, you should look for the appropriate application. For native apps, you can use Java, Kotlin, or Objective-C, while for cross-platform apps, you can use either React Native app development or Flutter app development. You could also go for much lighter and faster apps and have a PWA built for your business.
Test Your App Many Times
Always monitor the output of your app before releasing it. Throughout the mobile development process, testing should be at the forefront of your mind. If you don't test the app regularly, finding and fixing bugs can be even more complex and complicated in the future. Standard checks can also assist you in lowering the overall costs.
Beta testers are a great way to get feedback on your software. To find app testers, you can use online sites such as Beta Family. They'll provide input and even some suggestions for improving your app.
Deployment & Support
Users should be encouraged to provide feedback and suggestions for your app to your business. End-user support will be critical, as will regular software updates with new features. Unlike web applications, where patch releases are immediately accessible to app users, mobile app patches must go through the duplicate submission and approval process as the original submission. Furthermore, with native mobile applications, you must keep up with technological advances and upgrade your software regularly for new mobile devices and OS platforms.
Most Common Mistakes in App Development
Developers don’t like to make mistakes during app development. But, sometimes, common mistakes are made unintentionally. If a developer knows these common mistakes before starting the development process, a lot of time and money can be saved and chances of developing a successful app increase.
Let’s look at these common mistakes that every developer should avoid during the mobile app development process.
# 1: Focus only on Budget
Sometimes, companies focus mainly on budget and avoid all other aspects, which is one of the biggest mistakes leading to failure. If you hire a team with a lack of expertise just because they are within your budget, it will blow your project. Similarly, if you spend more than the available budget, it can also be a total loss.
# 2: Not Listening to Users’ Feedback
Before choosing a freelancer or a development company, the best practice is to listen to what their previous and current clients are saying about them. Take their customers’ feedback and judge them based on those feedback before hiring them.
# 3: Lack of Research
You can’t decide to develop an app while sipping hot coffee at a coffee shop. It needs a lot of research. You need to research a lot of things such as:
- Company current standing
- Purpose of building the app
- Current market situation
- Pricing plans
- Cost of developing the app
- ROI on the app
And the list goes on and on. Taking some time to research will save you months or even years of frustration down the road.
# 4: Poor Budget Management
Budget management is very crucial for successful app development. It is essential to have a rough idea of how much your app will cost from the beginning. The cost of each phase of development should be calculated before starting the process. Your budget should also allocate funds for unexpected expenses that could arise along the way. Always set realistic budget estimates from the beginning.
# 5: Not Creating an MVP
Building a Minimum Viable Product (MVP) helps developers to test and evaluate app performance. During the MVP stages of development, the app will only consist of essential features. Don’t consider an MVP as an experiment; that will be another mistake a developer shouldn’t make. It is a process of app development that helps to focus on the main component of the app.
# 6: Poor UI/UX Build
Never neglect the user interface of an app. A developer should have a clear idea of the app that will be used. The users usually uninstall apps with poor UI/UX in no time. People have certain expectations when they open an app. Follow the lead of the most successful and popular apps on the market today as an example.
# 7: Poor Communication during the Development Process
Most apps failed due to poor communication during the development process. The only way to avoid this mistake is by prioritizing communication from the beginning. Repeating your statement or instruction, again and again, is better than letting the developer assume from his/her mind. Depending on the scale of the app development project, teams can arrange bi-weekly or weekly meetings.
# 8: Overload the App with Functions & Features
No one likes the traffic jams. In the same way, an app with too many functions and features becomes hard to use for the customer. Just stick to the core features of what your app needs to function properly. Adding too many features creates problems for the app, such as slow response time and acquiring more space on the phone. Research shows that one in four people will delete an app for lack of phone storage.
# 9: Hiring a Wrong Development Team
Each app has different requirements, especially in terms of the experience and skills of a developer. A lot of great ideas just flopped because the wrong person was chosen to build the mobile app. Believe it or not, that can be the most expensive mistake you could ever make. Let's say you hire a freelancer to develop the app, and for some reason, the freelancer stops responding to your messages. You are unable to track him, and that causes delays in the delivery of your app.
If you want to become an app reseller, choosing the right development platform is the most important step in the process.
# 10: Improper Updates
The app development doesn’t stop when the app gets launched. It is an ongoing process as no app is perfect and needs constant improvements. About 30% of apps are updated at least once a month. More than 80% of apps are updated every six months.
Choose an app builder that provides full-service and maintenance even after you finish building the app.
# 11: Don’t make Mobile App a Clone of your Website
Mobile apps perform better than mobile websites. The reason for the better performance of apps on mobile is their functionality and features that a mobile website cannot offer. Therefore cloning your mobile website as your mobile app is a total waste of time and money.
If the app isn’t different from the mobile site, why should your customer bother downloading the app?
You can use the same theme, color, fonts, and branding image on your app, but it should be different in features and functions.
Having a mobile app has become essential for all kinds of businesses. The mobile app development process is never-ending. You need to make adjustments and changes based on users’ feedback. Adding new features is another important aspect. So, if you are looking for a mobile app development company, search for one that can provide you with a complete range of services even after the development process is completed.
Selleo is one of the best mobile app development companies serving the industry since 2005. We have provided mobile app development services to various sectors such as Investment management, real-estate, education, messaging apps, retails, consumer products, etc. We have a team of highly specialized and experienced developers. Contact us now for more details.